Posted in Editing, Hard drives on Tuesday, January 29th, 2013
(Revised August 12, 2014)
An external hard drive consists of a standard 3.5” or 2.5” hard drive (the same kind of drives that are installed inside desktop and laptop computers) and a physical enclosure that protects the drive and allows you to connect it to a computer via Firewire, USB, eSATA, or Thunderbolt.
You should use hard drives for two general purposes–working and backing up your data. We strongly encourage you to purchase separate drives for these two functions. For maximum data security, you would have one high-performance drive for editing plus two copies of all of your projects on two different backup drives.
Before outlining hard drive types and technologies, here are our recommendations for the 2014-15 school year:
Some brands (G-Technology, Other World Computing, Lacie) are used prominently in the media production world and have won the loyalty of SAIC staff, faculty and students, but please remember that as with motor vehicles, cell phones, cameras, etc., hard drives are mass-produced mechanical devices prone to malfunction. We have witnessed the complete and irreversible failure of hard drives made by virtually every single brand out there. Plan on buying numerous hard drives as long as you are making media. You might develop your own brand loyalties, but always be prepared for hard drive death. Back up your work, and back up the backups!
That all said, choosing RAID drives with the fastest possible transfer technology (not to mention good practices like giving your drives frequent periods of rest/inactivity and keeping about 10% of your hard drive space free) will improve the chance that your drives will have long and productive lifespans with minimal data loss.
DRIVES FOR EDITING & PRODUCTION
When choosing a working drive, think about when and where you plan to use the drive. Are you buying a drive to use in the immediate future with SAIC computers, or are you investing in a drive that will be compatible with computers you’ll be using 1-5 years from now? For example, if you plan to use the drive exclusively with your 2012 or later Macbook Pro, and with the new Mac Pro and future generations of Mac computers, we recommend this 4 TB G-RAID or a similar Other World Computing model.
As of the Fall 2014 semester, all three FVNMA labs and several suites will be equipped with new Mac Pros. Numerous FVNMA and SAIC facilities will still be equipped with 2010 Mac Pros, with Firewire and USB 2.0 connections. If you buy a Thunderbolt-only drive (e.g. the 4 TB G-RAID recommended in the paragraph above) and you plan to move between new Thunderbolt-enabled machines and the older Mac Pros, you’ll need this Thunderbolt to Firewire adapter, and you will be limited to Firewire 800 speeds. The Other World Computing model (also listed in the paragraph above) includes a USB 3.0 connection, allowing you to connect to older computers via USB 2.0 speeds. USB 3.0-only drives offer much more storage space per dollar than Thunderbolt drives, but the performance and speed boost offered by Thunderbolt are well worth the price difference.
DRIVES FOR LIGHT USE & BACKUP
Plug-in desktop RAID drives are our recommended option for rigorous work. For everything else including light editing work, backing up and transferring files between computers, etc., you could invest in less expensive desktop drives and/or more convenient portable drives. B&H carries a huge list of external drives, searchable by such factors as drive speed, connection, capacity, etc. We’ve tested and can generally recommend the brands mentioned in this post (G-Technology, Glyph, Other World Computing, Lacie) as well as Hitachi/HGST.
Our top pick for a portable, bus-powered Thunderbolt/USB 3.0 drive is this 7200 rpm G-Technology 1TB G-Drive Mobile Hard Drive with Thunderbolt
For further reference: in May 2013 Macworld published this rundown of portable hard drives and in December of 2011 it offered a similar list of desktop drives. Other places to look for recommendations would be Creative Cow discussion forums, Gizmodo, Engadget, Cult of Mac and your creative community.
One final cost-effective USB 3.0/Firewire/eSATA option is not a hard drive per se, it’s an enclosure which allows for 2.5″ or 3.5″ HDDs or SSDs to be easily be swapped in and out. It’s not sleek and self-contained like most of the drives mentioned above, but it offers a more affordable method of working with new SSDs and can also be used to access data from a desktop computer’s internal drives. Initial tests of this enclosure show it to be fast and stable.
*One portable drive that we can recommend you NOT buy is Other World Computing’s ElitePro mini line (we’ve had more success with OWC’s older portable drives and their desktop drives).
DRIVE TYPES & TERMINOLOGY
HDD vs. SSD
HDD refers to traditional hard disc drives that store data on spinning metal platters. SSD means “solid-state drive” and uses a much newer technology of flash memory chips to store data. SSDs are significantly faster than HDDs, and because they do not rely on mechanically spinning discs, they are more reliable and durable than HDDs. However, external SSD drives cost as much as five times more per gigabyte as their HDD counterparts—a 256 GB portable SSD drive made by Lacie costs $300 while its 1 TB HDD equivalent costs $200. When purchasing an HDD that will be rigorously used (ex: video editing as opposed to standard backup usage), make sure that the drive’s speed is at least 7200 RPM.
(more on HDDs and SSDs here)
PORTABLE VS. DESKTOP
Portable hard drives are typically bus-powered (no AC adapter) and small enough to almost fit in the back pocket of the average pair of jeans. This convenience comes at a price and with capacity limitations—portable hard drives are more expensive than their desktop counterparts, and they generally don’t hold more than 2 TB. Because they aren’t powered externally they can lose connectivity if the computer’s Firewire or USB bus has power issues. For this reason, they are not as stable and reliable as desktop hard drives. Desktop hard drives must be powered externally, often with chunky “wall-wart” AC adapters. They are much more cost-effective in terms of storage capacity than portable drives, and they are typically more stable in terms of connectivity. Bus-powered portable drives are great for backing up and transferring files and for light production work, but… For maximum performance, stability and affordability, we recommend plug-in desktop drives over bus-powered portable drives.
FIREWIRE vs. ESATA vs. USB vs. THUNDERBOLT
For more than a decade Firewire had been the prominent Mac interface standard for external hard drives and other peripherals. In more recent years the Firewire400 (6-pin) standard was replaced by the faster Firewire800 (9-pin), but Firewire800 is not quite fast enough for smooth, efficient editing of HD video, especially when compared with newer alternatives.
A faster alternative is eSATA (serial ATA), an option included along with Firewire in many external hard drives. The main drawback to eSATA is that eSATA ports are not included in any computers currently on the market. It’s not possible to connect an eSATA drive to a Mac laptop without an adapter. It’s a relatively old standard at this point and will probably not be included in future generations of external hard drives. However, eSATA cards can be installed in desktop computers, offering the fastest possible connection from a pre-2013 Mac Pro to an external hard drive.
Many inexpensive drives offer USB 2.0 capabilities, but USB 2.0 should only be used for light work like editing photos or copying files—it’s almost two times slower than Firewire and can’t handle large video files. USB 3.0 is over five times faster than Firewire (see chart below) and at the moment is the most affordable standard for HD editing or any other bandwidth-heavy activity. Only the new Mac Pros at SAIC include USB 3.0 ports, but all Macbook Pro laptops produced after May 2012 have USB 3.0 capabilities.
(more on USB here)
Thunderbolt is twice as fast as USB 3.0 (for now) and is included in all new Mac laptop models and in the new Mac Pro. Thunderbolt peripherals and drives have been slow to develop and are considerably more expensive than their USB 3.0 counterparts, but they are gradually becoming more affordable. Thunderbolt is currently capable of speeds up to 10 gigabytes per second. Thunderbolt 2 can reach 20 gigabytes per second with the potential for speeds up to 100 GB/s. However, at the moment, Thunderbolt 2 drives are drastically more expensive than standard Thunderbolt drives.
(more on Thunderbolt here)
*RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) is a technology that bundles several physical hard drives into one practical unit. Data is distributed across the multiple drives for dramatically improved performance. A common RAID-configured Mac Pro would have one main system hard drive (Macintosh_HD) plus four 1 TB HDDs that are RAID-striped into a single unit. This unit is seen by the Finder as one 4 TB hard drive. When video data is processed to and from the RAID unit, it has an incredible amount of bandwidth to do so, especially when compared to that offered by a Firewire cable. The example here is of a configuration for maximum performance; other RAID configurations can allow for increased security against hard drive failures and data loss.
We highly recommend that you purchased a RAID-configured external drive if you plan on using the drive for HD or 4K video work. For backing up and transferring files RAID technology is not crucial.
Click here for explanations of various RAID configurations.
(Guide updated August 6, 2014)
This guide is an introduction to the terminology, interface and basic editing features of Final Cut Pro X. Click to enlarge the images, or download the PDF which includes hyperlinks to various other FCP X resources.
August 11, 2014 UPDATE
Here is a very important Larry Jordan post on improving performance in FCP X 10.1.2 by deleting preferences:
Also useful: http://www.garbershop.com/?p=903
Posted in Adobe Encore, Blu-Ray, Compression, Gene Siskel Film Center on Monday, April 2nd, 2012
The steps detailed in the handout below show you how to burn a stereo Blu-Ray disc using Adobe Encore. Click to enlarge the images, or download the PDF. Blu-Ray burners are located in the General Access lab in the MacLean building, inside marked computers in FVNMA labs, and are available for checkout through the MacLean Media Center. Blu-Ray discs are for sale in the MacLean Resale vending machine.
For instructions on burning a 5.1 surround Blu-ray, see our other Blu-ray guide.
Posted in Adobe CC 2014, Cameras, Editing, FCP X, RED on Thursday, August 21st, 2014
RED Scarlet manual:
To learn about a certain RED feature or get a cursory overview of what’s possible with RED, check out the RED 101 section of the website:
It’s constantly being updated, but be sure to skip all of the redundant videos on the last page of the site.
Some of the most helpful links we’ve found:
In December 2013, with the release of FCP X 10.1, Apple produced this extremely useful White Paper on various RED/FCP X workflow options, including a section on strategies for working with multiple frame sizes:
If you’re unsure about a particular setting, practice, problem, etc., you might consider consulting the RED user forums. For example, in this forum post, several RED camera users share their opinions and insights on REDCODE compression ratios:
Here are all RED user forum postings related to RED workflows/issues as they relate to Adobe software:
Creative Cow forums can also be very useful. Here’s a discussion of RED workflows in Adobe Premiere:
Posted in DCP on Thursday, August 14th, 2014
This guide covers the process of creating a DCP (Digital Cinema Package) from an Apple ProRes movie file. Click to enlarge the images, or download the PDF.
Posted in Aja KiPro, Audio, Bolex, Cameras, Canon EOS 7D, FVNMA Equipment List, Lighting, Steadicam on Thursday, July 3rd, 2014
*Number at the end indicates quantity
Audio-Technica AT803B Lavalier Omni Condenser Mic Kit – 2
Audio-Technica AT831B Lavalier Cardioid Condenser Mic Kit – 2
Audio-Technica ATM10A Condenser Mic – 8
Audio-Technica ATM33A Condenser Mic – 8
Crown PZM185 – 1
ElectroVoice RE50 Dynamic Omni Mic – 2
Neumann U87 Large-Diaphragm Condenser Mic Kit – 4
Sennheiser MD-441-U Dynamic Supercardioid Mic – 2
Sennheiser ME66/K6 Shotgun Mic Kit – 26
Sennheiser MKH 416 Shotgun Mic – 4
Sennheiser Shotgun Mic Kit
Shure PGX4 Wireless Lavalier Mic Kit – 2
Audio-Technica AT4033A Cardioid Condenser Mic – 1
Sound Devices 722 Portable Digital 2-track Recorder – 13
Zoom H4N Portable Digital 4-track Recorder – 20
Akai MPD32 USB Midi Controller – 1
JazzMutant Lemur Multi-touch Midi Controller – 1
Korg nanoKontrol USB Midi Controller – 2
Sony MDR-7502 Headphones – 1
Sony MDR-7506 Headphones – 4
RED Scarlet – X – 1
*Photo arriving shortly
ARRI S – 4
ARRI SRII – 2
Bolex – 18
Eclair ACL – 2
Canon 814 XLS
Canon 1014 XLS
Canon 5D Mark III – 2
Canon 7D – 20
Sony PMW-EX3 – 6
Sony HVR-V1U – 2
Canon XHA1 – 2
Panasonic S-VHS – 1
Aja Ki Pro Portable ProRes Recorder – 2
BlackMagic HyperDeck Shuttle – 1
Pearstone Clapper – 3
Fig Rig Camera Stabilizer – 2
RedRock Micro DSLR Shoulder Rig with Monitor – 3
Steadicam Flyer Camera Stabilizer – 1
Cartoni Laser Tripod – 2
Manfrotto 516 Tripod – 7
Manfrotto 3221 Tripod – 29
Arri Arrilite 600-3 Compact Kit w/ 3 600 Watt Open Face Tungsten Flood Lights – 1
Arri Arrilite 650 Light head – 1
Arri Soft-Key 3 Kit w/ 2 650 Watt + Tungsten Fresnel & Arrisoft 1000 Watt Fill – 2
Arrilite 1k Floods – 2
Desisti 1K Cycs – 2
Kino Flo Diva-Lite 400 Universal Two Fluorescent Light Flight Case Kit – 1
Litepanels ENG Sola Flight Kit – 1
Litepanels Light Kit 1×1 2 Spot and 2 Flood heads – 2
Lowel Creator Kit One – 4
Lowel Light Stand – 1
Lowel Pro Light Head T1-10 – 1
Lowel Tota/Omni Core 44 Kit – 3
Matthews Studio Equipment C Stands – 13
Mole Richardson 1K Baby Solar Spot – 3
Mole Richardson 2K Flood – 1
Mole Richardson 4K Flood – 1
Mole Richardson Baby Soft Light Kit – 1
Mole Richardson Baby Solar Spot Light Kit – 2
Mole Richardson Tweenie II and Softlite Tungsten 3 Light Combo Kit – 2
Mole-Richardson Tweenie II Tungsten 3 Light Light Kit – 2
Westcott Spiderlite 1560W TD5 3-Light Studio Softbox Kit – 3
LitePanels Croma – 3
Analog Sekonic Light Meter L-398A – 23
Digital Sekonic Light Meter L-58C – 17
Ciro 16mm Splicer – 9
Maier-Hancock 816 Hot Splicer
Moviscop – 6
Critter & Guitar Video Synthesizer – 1
BenQ MX762ST – 2
Optoma TH1020 – 2
Panasonic PT-AE3000U – 3
Panasonic PT-AR100U – 9
EIKI SSL 16mm – 4
Elmo ST-1200 Super 8 – 2
Panasonic DMP-BD65 Blu-Ray Player – 1
Posted in Aja KiPro, Compression, Gene Siskel Film Center on Tuesday, February 25th, 2014
The Gene Siskel Film Center offers the ability to play Apple ProRes files via its Aja Ki Pro hard drive player/recorder. This guide covers the process of converting a file to make it compatible with the Aja Ki Pro. It includes workflows for Final Cut Pro X and Adobe Media Encoder CS6. Click to enlarge the images, or download the PDF.
Posted in Animation, Canon EOS 7D on Friday, February 14th, 2014
The EOS Live View Correction Cap is designed to reset the Live View Exposure Preview level in Canon DSLR cameras. When you connect a digital lens to to a Canon DSLR you are able to alter the exposure, and as you do the Live View Exposure Preview adjusts to mirror the still image you will capture. However, once you replace the digital lens with a manual lens (used in puppet animation classes to avoid flicker) the camera is no longer capable of communicating the exposure setting with the Live View Exposure Preview. Any adjustments you make are additively applied to the last Live View exposure setting. This means your actual exposures won’t match what you are seeing in the preview. You can correct this by using the EOS Live View Correction Cap to reset your Live View Exposure Preview. The following guide will walk you through the process of using the Correction Cap. Click on the images to expand them or view the high quality PDF.
Posted in Steadicam on Wednesday, February 12th, 2014
The following is a step by step guide to assembling and operating the steady cam. Click to expand the thumbnails below or view the high quality PDF version.
We recently upgraded our Advanced Dub Room from an SD-only patch panel setup to a computer-controlled, HD and SD capable system. This guide covers the basics of making traditional dubs, recording from tapes or discs to ProRes files and sending video files out to tapes and DVDs. Click to enlarge the images, or download the PDF.
Posted in Cameras, Hard drives on Tuesday, September 3rd, 2013
This post covers the physical connections, camera and hard disk settings and file transfer workflow when using the Sony HVR-MRC1 hard disk recorder with the Canon XH-A1 camera. Click to enlarge the images, or download the PDF.
The following guide will show you how to submit files to the render farm. Please follow it closely. You can download a high quality PDF version here. Users already familiar with the render farm and looking for a refresher can download the quick guide.
Files can only be submitted from a computer on campus. All FVNMA computer labs have Deadline render management software installed and the Deadline plugin for Maya. When you submit a render please keep the following things in mind. Your job title must always be your email address. This way we can contact you if there is a problem with your render. Before you submit an entire project please be sure to render a test frame and check for errors. Once submitted jobs are automatically added to the render queue in the order they are received. If a single user is rendering for more than a week the render will be stopped and added to the end of the queue from where it left off. This gives the entire community the opportunity to use the farm. If you would like to stop or delete your render please contact Emily Kuehn at firstname.lastname@example.org or 312-345-3988. Anyone who attempts to alter the queue or render farm architecture will be banned from using the render farm.
Posted in Adobe Encore, Blu-Ray, Compression, Gene Siskel Film Center on Monday, April 1st, 2013
The steps detailed in the handout below show you how to burn a 5.1 surround sound Blu-Ray disc using Adobe Encore. Click to enlarge the images, or download the PDF. Blu-Ray burners are located in the General Access lab in the MacLean building, inside marked computers in FVNMA labs, and are available for checkout through the MacLean Media Center. Blu-Ray discs are for sale in the MacLean Resale vending machine and at electronics and office supply stores.
For instructions on burning a standard stereo Blu-ray, see our other Blu-ray guide.
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